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Kia Rio 1.6L I4 Engine Oil Change Guide
How to change the motor oil & replace the filter in a 3rd generation 2012-2016 Kia Rio with the Gamma 1.6L I4 engine.

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2014 Rio 1.6L GDI I4
Twist Off Oil Filler Cap
Pull Up Oil Dipstick
This automotive maintenance tutorial was specifically written to assist owners of the third generation (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and also the refreshed 2016 model year) Kia Rio in changing the motor oil and replacing the canister style oil filter on the Hyundai Gamma 1.6 liter inline four cylinder GDI engine.

Owners of other Kia and Hyundai vehicles such as the Optima, Forte, Cadenza, K900, Sorento, Sportage, Sedona, Soul, Elantra, Veloster, Sonata, Azera, Tucson, Santa Fe, Genesis, ix20, i20, ix35 and Equus may also find these DIY instructions to be helpful.

The items needed to complete this oil change procedure include a floor jack, two jack stands, a 10mm socket with a ratcheting wrench, a Phillips head screwdriver, a used oil catch container, a 17mm socket with a ratchet, 4 quarts of new SAE 5W-20 oil and a new oil filter.


A few compatible replacement oil filters with their part numbers are as follows: Purolator PL14459, Wix 51334, Bosch 3312, K&N PS-1004, Fram PH9688, Mobil 1 M1-104, Royal Purple 10-2808, Mahle OC 707, ACDelco PF1127, Hastings LF565, Mann-Filter ML 1002, Pennzoil PZ-37, Ecogard X4612, Pentius PLB3593A and Hyundai 26300-35503.
Raise Front of Vehicle
Loosen 10mm Bolts
Under Engine Cover
The first steps are to warm up the engine for a few minutes, park the vehicle on a level surface and then turn off the engine.

Warming up the engine to near operating temperature will help suspend any contaminants within the old oil and also allow it to drain out more quickly.

Then engage the emergency / parking brake and chock both sides of the rear wheels to prevent the car from moving.

Raise the front of the vehicle with the floor jack and securely support it with two jack stands.

I prefer to work on one side of the car at a time to keep three wheels on the ground for extra safety.

Remove the eight bolts that hold the plastic under engine cover (A.K.A. "splash shield" or "skid plate") in place by turning them counterclockwise with a 10mm socket and ratcheting wrench.

Remove Other 10mm Bolts
Plastic Phillips Screw
Remove Skid Plate
Loosen the Phillips head screw in the center of the plastic fastener by turning it counterclockwise. Pull the entire fastener out of the under engine cover.

Set the plastic fastener and the eight 10mm bolts aside in a safe place.

Pull the plastic under engine cover away from the vehicle and set it aside.

Eight 10mm Bolts Removed
Oil Pan & Old Filter
17mm Oil Drain Bolt
The black metal oil pan is located near the front passenger area of the engine.

The oil filter is located just in front of the oil pan.

Canister Oil Filter Location
Used Oil Catch Container
Loosen 17mm Oil Drain Bolt
Slide the used oil catch container to just below the oil drain bolt.

Be careful when you remove the oil drain bolt since the old oil may be hot enough to burn your skin depending on how long you allowed the engine to warm up.

Loosen the oil drain bolt by turning it counterclockwise with the 17mm socket and ratcheting wrench.

Drain Out Old Oil
Tighten 17mm Drain Bolt
Loosen Old Oil Filter
Allow the old oil to drain out for at least a few minutes or until the flow slows to just an occasional drip.

If the oil drain bolt is equipped with a metal crush washer, inspect it and replace it with a new one if necessary. New crush washers can be purchased at your dealership parts counter or at an auto parts store.

Spin in the oil drain bolt by hand a few turns in the counterclockwise direction to prevent it from becoming cross threaded.

Tighten the oil drain bolt by turning it in the clockwise direction with the 17mm socket and ratcheting wrench to just past hand tight or about 30 ft-lbs of torque.

Spin off the old oil filter in the counterclockwise direction.

If you have trouble turning the old oil filter, you may need to use an oil filter wrench such as the Lisle # 63600.


Slide Basin Forward
Dip Pinky Finger In Oil
Lubricate Rubber O-Ring
I recommend buying the Mobil 1 M1-104 oil filter since it has excellent reviews on Amazon.

Dip your pinky finger in to some new SAE 5W-20 oil and lightly lubricate the rubber o-ring gasket on the new oil filter.

Lubricating the rubber o-ring gasket on the new oil filter will help it form a better seal, prevent oil leaks and also make it easier to remove during the next oil change.

Twist Off Old Oil Filter
Line Up Splash Guard
Push In Plastic Screw
Twist on the new oil filter in the clockwise direction to about 1/4 to 1/3 turn past hand tight.

Double check that the oil drain bolt and the new oil filter are tight before moving on to the next steps.

Line up the plastic under engine cover and hold it in place with one hand.

Re-insert the plastic fastener and then pop in the small plastic Phillips head screw to secure it in place.

Spin In 10mm Bolts
Tighten 10mm Clockwise
Insert Automotive Funnel
Spin in the eight 10mm bolts by hand in the clockwise direction to prevent them from becoming cross threaded.

Tighten the bolts with the 10mm socket and ratcheting wrench in the clockwise direction until they are snug.

Insert an automotive funnel in to the oil filler hole.

It is much better to have slightly less oil than necessary in an engine than to have too much. Running an engine that has been overfilled with oil may cause damage to seals, gaskets, or other components.

The Hyundai Gamma GDI 1.6L I4 engine's total capacity for an oil change with filter replacement is 3.8 U.S. quarts or 3.6 liters.

Pour In New SAE 5W-20
Lower Car From Stands
Replace Oil Filler Cap
Only pour in about 3 to 3.5 quarts of new SAE 5W-20 oil in to the engine.

Replace the oil filler cap by twisting it on in the clockwise direction and push down the oil dipstick.

Start the engine and allow it to run for a few minutes, turn off the engine, and allow the oil to drain back down to the pan for at least 5 to 10 minutes.

Check Dipstick Oil Level
Push In Oil Dipstick
Engine Oil & Filter Replaced
Pull out the yellow handled dipstick, wipe it clean, re-insert it and pull it out again to check the oil level.

If necessary, slow in pour in more oil and repeatedly check the level on the dipstick until it reaches just at or below the upper metal dot by the letter "F" on the dipstick that indicates the "Full" or "Maximum" line.

You may not need to pour in the entire 3.8 U.S. quarts of new oil to reach the "Full" line depending on how long you allowed the old oil to drain out.

Once the oil is at the correct level, replace the dipstick and tighten the oil filler cap in the clockwise direction.

Be sure to record the oil change in your car's service records. It would also be a good idea to check your parking spot, garage or driveway for drops of fresh oil which may indicate a leak from the drain bolt or the new filter.

For more, check out my other 2012-2016 Kia Rio DIY Repair & Maintenance Guides.

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